CMA Study Group

  • 1.  CMA part 2 help answer

    Posted 28 days ago
    A corporation expects net income of $800,000 for the next fiscal year. Its targeted and current capital structure is 40% debt and 60% common equity. The director of capital budgeting has determined that the optimal capital spending for next year is $1.2 million. If the corporation follows a strict residual dividend policy, what is the expected dividend-payout ratio for next year?
    Answer (A) is correct.
    Under the residual theory of dividends, the residual of earnings paid as dividends depends on the available investments and the debt-equity ratio at which cost of capital is minimized. The rational investor should prefer reinvestment of retained earnings when the return exceeds what the investor could earn on investments of equal risk. However, the firm may prefer to pay dividends when investment returns are poor and the internal equity financing would move the firm away from its ideal capital structure. If the corporation wants to maintain its current structure, 60% of investments should be financed from equity. Hence, it needs $720,000 ($1,200,000 × 60%) of equity funds, leaving $80,000 of net income ($800,000 NI – $720,000) available for dividends. The dividend-payout ratio is therefore 10% ($80,000 ÷ $800,000 NI).

    Tayba Al-Mehdar
    Saudi Arabia